Books
The President’s Czars: Undermining Congress and the Constitution. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2012 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

Executive Privilege: Presidential Power, Secrecy and Accountability. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas (revised and updated 3rd edition), 2010 (revised and updated second edition, 2002).

Executive Privilege: The Dilemma of Secrecy and Democratic Accountability. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

 

Law Reviews
“Executive Privilege and the Bush Presidency”, Journal of Law and Politics, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Winter 2008), pp. 1-47 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Executive Privilege Revived? Secrecy in the Bush Presidency”, Duke Law Journal, Vol. 52, No. 2 (November 2002), pp. 403-421.

“Restoring Balance to the Debate Over Executive Privilege”, The William and Mary Bill of Rights Law Journal, Vol. 8, No. 3 (April 2000), pp. 541-582.

“Executive Privilege and the Modern Presidents: In Nixon’s Shadow”, Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 83, No. 5 (May 1999), pp. 1069-1126.

 

Congressional Testimony
U.S. Congress, House Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management and Intergovernmental Relations. Hearing: “H.R. 4187, The Presidential Records Act Amendments of 2002″. April 24, 2002, 2154 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Congress, House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. Hearing: “Withholding Information from Congress”. February 6, 2002, 2157 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Congress, House Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management and Intergovernmental Relations. Hearing: “The Implementation of the Presidential Records Act of 1978″. November 6, 2001, 2154 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

 

Articles/Book Chapters
“The Origins and Development of Executive Branch Czars”, Journal of Policy History, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Spring 2013), forthcoming (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Should the President Be Allowed Executive Privilege?”, in G. McKenna and S. Feingold, eds., Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Political Issues. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2013.

“The Law: President Obama’s Signing Statements and the Expansion of Executive Power”, Presidential Studies Quarterly, 43, no. 4 (December 2013) (with Jeffrey Crouch and Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Obama’s Executive Branch Czars: The Constitutional Controversy and a Legislative Solution”, Congress & the Presidency, Vol. 39, No. 1 (January-April 2012), (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger), pp. 74-99.

“Prerogative Power and Executive Branch Czars: President Obama’s Signing Statement”, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 41, No. 4 (December 2011), pp. 819-833.

“Executive Privilege and the Unitary Executive Theory in the Bush Administration: The Cheney Energy Task Force Controversy”, in Christopher S. Kelley and Ryan J. Barrilleaux, eds., The Unitary Executive and American Politics. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2010, pp. 145-162 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Executive Privilege: The Bush Legacy and Record”, in M. Rozell and G. Whitney, eds., Testing the Limits: George W. Bush and the Imperial Presidency. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, pp. 199-218 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Executive Privilege and the Bush Legacy”, American Review of Politics, Vol. 29, No. 2 (Fall/Winter 2008/2009), pp. 215-234 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Executive Privilege and the Unitary Executive Theory in the George W. Bush Administration”, in James Thurber, ed., Rivals for Power. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, pp. 209-228 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger).

“Executive Privilege”, in Michael A. Genovese and Lori Cox Han, eds., Encyclopedia of American Government and Civics. New York: Facts on File, 2009, pp. 562-564.

“Undermining a Constitutional Doctrine”, in Mitchell Young, ed., Issues on Trial: Political Corruption. Farmington Hills, MI: Cengage Press, 2009.

“Executive Privilege and the U.S. Attorneys Firings”, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 38, No. 2 (June 2008), pp. 315-328 (with Mitchel A. Sollenberger). Reprinted in James Pfiffner and Roger Davidson, ed.s, Understanding the Presidency, 6th ed. New York: Pearson Press, 2010, pp. 288-302.

“Pro: Executive Privilege is Necessary to a Strong Presidency”, in Richard Ellis and Michael Nelson, eds., The Presidency Debated. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2006, pp. 127-132.

“Executive Privilege in an Era of Polarized Politics”, in Chris S. Kelly, ed., Executing the Constitution: Putting the Presidency Back Into the Constitution. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2006, pp. 91-108.

“Executive Privilege”, in Harry Jeffrey and Thomas Maxwell-Long, eds., Watergate and the Resignation of Richard Nixon: Impact of a Constitutional Crisis. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2005, pp. 63-76.

“Executive Privilege in the Bush Presidency”, in G. Gregg and M. Rozell, eds., Considering the Bush Presidency. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 125-140.

“The Clinton Legacy: An Old (or New) Understanding of Executive Privilege?”, in David Gray Adler and Michael Genovese, eds. The Presidency & the Law: The Clinton Legacy. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2002, pp. 58-74.

“Executive Privilege from Washington to Clinton”, in Philip Henderson ed., The Presidency: Then and Now. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000, pp. 31-45.

“Executive Privilege in the Clinton Scandal”, in M. Rozell and C. Wilcox, eds., The Clinton Scandal and the Future of American Government. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2000, pp. 81-99.

“George Washington and the Origins of Executive Privilege”, in M. Rozell, W. Pederson, and F. Williams, eds., George Washington and the Origins of the American Presidency. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2000, pp. 145-154.

“Executive Privilege: Definition and Standards of Application”, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 29, No. 4 (December 1999), pp. 568-580.

“Something to Hide: Executive Privilege in the Clinton Scandal”, PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. 32, No. 3, (September 1999), pp. 550-553.

“Executive Privilege in the Lewinsky Scandal: Giving a Good Doctrine a Bad Name,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Fall 1998), pp. 816-820.

“Raoul Berger on Executive Privilege,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Summer 1998), pp. 687-692 (with Louis Fisher).

“Executive Privilege in the Ford Administration: Prudence in the Exercise of Presidential Power,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Spring 1998), pp. 286-298.

“Executive Privilege in the Reagan Administration: The Battle for Information Control,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Fall 1997), pp. 760-772. Reprinted in E. Schmertz, N. Datlof and A. Ugrinsky, eds., Ronald Reagan’s America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997, pp. 431-445.

“Executive Privilege in the Carter Administration: The ‘Open’ Presidency and Secrecy Policy,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Spring 1997), pp. 272-283.

“President Nixon’s Conception of Executive Privilege: Defining the Scope and Limits of Executive Branch Secrecy,” Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Spring 1992), pp. 323-335. Reprinted in W. Levantrosser and L. Friedman, eds., Watergate and Afterward: The Legacy of Richard M. Nixon. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992, pp. 163-176.

“Executive Privilege: A Bibliographic Essay,” Journal of Law and Politics, Vol. 4, No. 3 (Winter 1988), pp. 639-651.